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Essential Learning for Second Grade

 
At the end of second grade, students should be able to demonstrate mastery of the following:
 
Reading and Writing
  • Read independent and instructional level selections fluently (90 words correct per minute).
  • Include newly acquired vocabulary in language.
  • Accurately apply knowledge of phonics when reading and spelling. 
  • Accurately read and spell high-frequency and unfamiliar words.
  • Reread sentences when meaning is not clear.
  • Interpret diagrams, charts, and graphs.
  • Recall facts and details from text.
  • Discuss and connect information across fiction and informational text.
  • Make reasonable judgments about what to include in writing tasks.
  • Write for different audiences and purposes.
  • Generate ideas before writing; edit first drafts of writing for publication.
  • Demonstrate organization in writing assignments.
  • Attend to spelling, mechanics, and presentation for final products.
 
Math
  • Use place value with numbers through 000.
  • Compose and decompose numbers (represent numbers in multiple ways).
  • Memorize and use addition and subtraction to 18.
  • Model addition and subtraction and solve problems with 2-digit numbers with and without regrouping.
  • Model fractional parts of whole and of a set.
  • Find the value of groups of coins up to $1.00 and use cent and dollar symbols and decimal points to describe them.
  • Multiply and divide with concrete objects.
  • Use patterns in numbers and operations such as on 100 charts, in place value, and fact families.
  • Describe relationships and make predictions as in paired numbers and patterns in repeated addition.
  • Describe and compare 2-D shapes and 3-D figures such as circles, polygons, spheres, cones, cylinders, and pyramids.
  • Locate numbers on a number line.
  • Tell time on analog and digital clocks using five minute increments.
  • Measure lengths with non-standard objects that are about 1 inch, 1 foot, etc.
  • Compare attributes of length, area, weight, and capacity to solve problems.
  • Read a thermometer.
  • Construct and draw conclusions from picture and bar graphs.
  • Solve problems using a plan and appropriate problem solving strategies, including manipulatives, and communicate about the mathematics through informal language.
  • Use logical reasoning.
 
Social Studies
  • Identify and explain the significance of landmarks, celebrations, and contributions of historical figures.
  • Create and interpret timelines; describe and measure calendar time.
  • Use symbols and find locations on maps and globes; draw maps; identify ways people depend on, adapt to, and modify the environment.
  • Identify gobernment services in the community; compare roles of government officals and ways they are selected.
  • Explain important American customs and symbols; give examples of good citizens, past and present.
  • Identify and explain the significance of local cultural heritage.
  • Describe the ways science and technology have changed transportation and communication.
  • Communicate in written, oral, and visual forms.
  • Understand roles of producers and consumers in a free enterprise system.
 
Science
  • Plan and conduct simple investigations using standard and non-standard measurement units.
  • Identify components and processes of the natural world (water cycle, use of resources).
  • Observe melting and evaporation, weathering, and pushing/pulling of objects as exambles of change.
  • Distinguish between characteristics of living organisms and nonliving objects and compare plant/animal needs for survival.
  • Describe living organizms' dependence on their environments and identify functions and parts of plants and animals.
  • Describe a system as a collection of cycles, structures and processes that interact while exhibiting patterns of change and constancy which can be observed and measured for predition purposes.
  • Use models of objects and events as tools to understand the natural world and systems.