Essential Learning for Second Grade
At the end of second grade, students should be able to demonstrate mastery of the following:
Reading and Writing
Read independent and instructional level selections fluently (90 words correct per minute).
Include newly acquired vocabulary in language.
Accurately apply knowledge of phonics when reading and spelling.Accurately read and spell high-frequency and unfamiliar words.
Reread sentences when meaning is not clear.
Read voluntarily for own purposes.
Interpret diagrams, charts, and graphs.
Recall facts and details from text.
Discuss and connect information across fiction and informational text.
Make reasonable judgements about what to include in writing tasks.
Write for different audiences and purposes.
Generate ideas before writing; edit first drafts of writing for publication.
Demonstrate organization in writing assignments.
Attend to spelling, mechanics, and presentation for final products.
Use place value with numbers through 999.
Compose and decompose numbers (represent numbers in multiple ways).
Memorize and use addition and subtraction to 18.
Model addition and subtraction and solve problems with 2-digit numbers with and without regrouping.
Model fractional parts of a whole and a set.
Find the value of groups of coins up to $1.00 and use cent and dollar symbols and decimal points to describe them.
Multiply and divide with concrete objects.
Use patterns in numbers and operations such as on 100 charts, in place value, and fact families.
Describe relationships and make predictions as in paired numbers and patterns in repeated addition.
Describe and compare 2-D shapes and 3-D figures such as circles, polygons, spheres, cones, cylinders, and pyramids.
Locate numbers on a number line.
Tell time on analog and digital clocks using five minute increments.
Measure lengths with non-standard objects that are about 1 inch, 1 foot, etc.
Compare attributes of length, area, weight, and capacity to solve problems.
Read a thermometer.
Construct and draw conclusions from picture and bar graphs.
Solve problems using a plan and appropriate problem solving strategies, including manipulatives, and communicate about the mathematics through informal language.
Use logical reasoning.
Plan and conduct simple investigations using standard and non-standard measurement units.
Identify components and processes of the natural world (water cycle, use of resources).
Observe melting and evaporation, weathering, and pushing/pulling of objects as examples of change.
Distinguish between characteristics of living organisms and nonliving objects and compare plant/animal needs for survival.
Describe living organisms' dependence on their environments and identify functions and parts of plants and animals.
Describe a system as a collection of cycles, structures and processes that interact while exhibiting patterns of change and constancy which can be observed and measured for prediction purposes.
Use models of objects and events as tools to understand the natural world and systems.
Identify and explain the significance of landmarks, celebrations, and contributions of historical figures.
Create and interpret timelines; describe and measure calendar time.
Use symbols and find locations on maps and globes; draw maps; identify ways people depend on, adapt to, and modify the environment.
Identify government services in the community; compare roles of government officials and ways they are selected.
Explain important American customs and symbols; give examples of good citizens, past and present.
Identify and explain the significance of local cultural heritage.
Describe the ways science and technology have changed transportation and communication.
Communicate in written, oral, and visual forms.
Understand roles of producers and consumers in a free enterprise system.
Identify hardware components correctly.
Access remote equipment on a network and publish in multiple formats.
Start, exit, and save programs using a variety of input devices.
Use proper keyboarding techniques and design attributes and proof and edit documents.
Follow acceptable use policies and respect intellectual property
Use keyword searches, on-line help, and appropriate navigation strategies..
Choose best work for an electric portfolio.